• Slide 1

    Help us to support Stop Open Burning

  • Slide 2

    In order to involve children and teenagers and raise thier awarness regarding the ill effects to human health and the environment of open burning practices as well as to promote resposible waste management practices in the community, UNIDO and DENR-EMB encourages individuals and institutions to participate in awareness raising competitions.

  • Slide 3

    Open Burning has been identified as one of the leading sources of unintentional persistent organic pollutants (U-POPs). The continuous dumping of municipal and domestic wastes in open dumpsites without proper management contains toxic subtances.


Demonstration of Best Available Techniques (BATs) and Best Environmental Practices (BEPs) in Open Burning Activities in Response to Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)


The project was launched since the open burning sector has been recognized as one of the leading sources of unintended persistent organic pollutants (U-POPs) based on the PCDD/PCDFs inventories of the participating countries.

The main objective of the project is to create resource efficient waste management systems to reduce U-POPs emissions through the introduction of BAT/BEP in open burning sources and achieve a reduction of approximately 90% of current PCDD/PCDF releases at the pilot demonstration sites in the participating countries.

Project Components and Outcomes

  • Legislation Improvement
  • Institutional Strengthening
  • Demonstration Activities on pilot sites
  • Education and Awareness Raising
  • Monitoring & Evaluation

Strengthened legislative capacity for introducing BAT/BEP in waste open burning source category.

Enhanced institutional capacity to carry out BAT/BEP implementation.

BAT/BEP implemented in open burning sources.

Improved knowledge and understanding on BAT/BEP and on risks connected with U-POPS, GHG emissions and other contaminants released through open burning.

Established project management structure and the system for monitoring/evaluation of project impacts.



What is Open Burning?

Unintended Persistent Organic Pollutants (UPOPs)

Polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDD) and Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) are Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which are unintentionally produced mainly by anthropogenic sources such as open burning of garbage, certain industrial activities/processes, and other combustion-related activities. PCDD and PCDF, also known as dioxins and furans, are included in the so-called “Dirty Dozen” list of POPs. The list also includes aldrin and dieldrin, chlordane, DDT, endrin, mirex, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, PCBs, and toxaphene.

According to numerous studies, open burning of garbage is the most significant source of dioxins and furans in many signatory countries of the Stockholm Convention on POPs, particularly the developing countries. Exposure to dioxins and furans can cause ill effects in humans: cancer, severe reproductive and developmental problems, damage to the immune system and hormonal systems, and skin disorders, among others. [1]


What are POPs?

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment. With the evidence of long-range transport of these substances to regions where they have never been used or produced and the consequent threats they pose to the environment of the whole globe, the international community has now, at several occasions called for urgent global actions to reduce and eliminate releases of these chemicals. [2]

What is the Stockholm Convention?

The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment. [3]



General Santos City

The city of General Santos has already implemented several initiatives with regards to solid waste management. There are existing policies that support the national law on waste segregation and banning of open burning, although its implementation still has to be enhanced.

Several studies have been conducted in the city focused on waste management, one of which is the “Site Specific Assessment of Waste Management Practices and Sources of Dioxins and Furan Emissions” through the World Bank-CIDA in 2010. The project foresees the preparation for the safe closure and rehabilitation of one of their biggest dumpsite, which is the Tambler Dumpsite. The dumpsite has received support from the ongoing IPOPs project for some selected activities. Based on the recent 2012 data, the Tambler dumpsite receives 160 tons of mixed waste per day and proper waste management is still an issue. The project can complement the funding of the municipality to totally rehabilitate the dumpsite and set-up an effective MRF in the new landfill.

Site Location



Government Agencies and Departments

  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Solid Waste Management Division
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Environmental Education and Information Division
  • Department of Science and Technology, Industrial Technology and Development Institute
  • Department of Agriculture, National Organic Agriculture Program
  • Philippine Information Agency
  • Philippine League of Local Environment and Natural Resources Officers Inc (PLLENRO)
  • League of Cities of the Philippines
  • League of Provinces of the Philippines
  • Philippine Business for the Environment
  • Quezon City Local Government Unit, Environmental Protection and Waste Management Division

Professional Organizations

  • Philippine Institute of Chemical Engineers

Non-Governmental Organizations

  • Eco-waste Coalition
  • Clean Air Asia

Research and Academic Institutions

  • University of the Philippines (Diliman), Chemical Engineering Department
  • Adamson University, Chemical Engineering Department
  • University of Sto. Thomas, Chemical Engineering Department

Industry Organizations

  • Philippine Sugar Millers Association
  • Federation of Philippine Industries (FPI)




Ms. Haidee Penero
National Project Manager, UNIDO Satellite Office
Environmental Management Bureau
Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Visayas Avenue, Diliman,
1100 Quezon City, Philippines
Tel: +63-2-929-6626

Mr. Eligio T. Ildefonso
National Project Coordinator, UNIDO BAT and BEP Project, Philippines Division Chief –SWMD, EMB
Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Visayas Avenue, Diliman,
1100 Quezon City, Philippines
Tel: +63-2-929-6626

UNIDO Vienna International Center Vienna A1400 Austria

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